What is HTML and how to Write Your first HTML Program?
What is HTML program?
HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.
- HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
- HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
- HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
- HTML elements are represented by tags
- HTML tags label pieces of content such as “heading”, “paragraph”, “table”, and so on
- Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page
Example with Explanation
|Example Code in HTML|
<h1>My First Heading</h1>
HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:
<tagname>content goes here…</tagname>
- HTML tags normally come in pairs like <p> and </p>
- The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
- The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a forward slash inserted before the tag name
Write HTML Program Using Notepad or TextEdit
Web pages can be created and modified by using professional HTML editors.
However, for learning HTML we recommend a simple text editor like Notepad (PC) or TextEdit (Mac).
We believe using a simple text editor is a good way to learn HTML.
Follow the four steps below to create your first web page with Notepad or TextEdit.
Open Notepad (PC)
Windows 8 or later:
Open the Start Screen (the window symbol at the bottom left on your screen). Type Notepad.
Windows 7 or earlier:
Open Start > Programs > Accessories > Notepad
Open TextEdit (Mac)
Open Finder > Applications > TextEdit
Also change some preferences to get the application to save files correctly. In Preferences > Format > choose“Plain Text”
Then under “Open and Save”, check the box that says “Ignore rich text commands in HTML files”.
Then open a new document to place the code.
All HTML documents must start with a document type declaration: <!DOCTYPE html>.
The HTML document itself begins with <html> and ends with </html>.
The visible part of the HTML document is between <body> and </body>.
HTML headings are defined with the <h1> to <h6> tags.
<h1> defines the most important heading. <h6> defines the least important heading:
<h1>This is heading 1</h1>
<h2>This is heading 2</h2>
<h3>This is heading 3</h3>
HTML paragraphs are defined with the <p> tag
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another paragraph.</p>
HTML links are defined with the <a> tag:
<a href=”https://vegkani.com”>This is a link</a>
The link’s destination is specified in the href attribute.
Attributes are used to provide additional information about HTML elements.
HTML images are defined with the <img> tag.
The source file (src), alternative text (alt), width, and height are provided as attributes:
<img src=”vegkani-website.jpg” alt=”vegkani.com” width=”104″ height=”142″>
<body><h1>This is heading 1</h1>
<h2>This is heading 2</h2>
<h3>This is heading 3</h3><p>My first paragraph.Welcome to selfstudier.com</p><img src=” http://selfstudier.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/logo-ss.png” alt=”vegkani.com” width=”104″ height=”142″><a href=”https://www.vegkani.com”>This is a link</a></body>
Step 3: Save the HTML Page
Save the file on your computer. Select File > Save as in the Notepad menu.
Name the file “index.htm” and set the encoding to UTF-8 (which is the preferred encoding for HTML files).
Step 4: View the HTML Page in Your Browser
Open the saved HTML file in your favorite browser (double click on the file, or right-click – and choose “Open with”).
The result will look much like this: