Verbs indicate the action of the actors (nouns) in a sentence and can be single, or can be verb phrases that contain auxiliaries, which always precede the main verb. Verb forms reveal Past, Present, or Future tenses and are used in their infinitive form, or are changed to a Simple, Continuous, or Perfect form. Read the following Regular Verb Conjugation Chart and Verb Tense Usage Chart
Use of Verbs in Tense
Regular Verb Conjugation Chart
Read the following chart. Notice how the verb changes in its simple form, depending on the noun (pronouns are used in the chart) and how the auxiliary verb changes in the continuous and perfect form of the verb phrase. This same pattern works for all regular verbs.
Verb Tense Usage Chart
Read the following chart which shows the use of each verb tense with an example.
The present simple tense generally expresses events, or situations, that exist usually, always, or habitually. They have existed in the past, exist now (in the present) and will probably exist in the future. Examples:
Mr. Smith teaches Mathematics.
Dene brushes her teeth every day.
Examples of present simple tense:
Fresh bread smells wonderful. (stative )
Angus takes the bus to school usually. (habitual)
Dene always sings in the church choir. (habitual)
I understand what you’re saying. (stative)
His new car runs great! (stative)
Present Continuous (Progressive)
The present continuous tense expresses an action which began in the past, is in progress now and will probably continue into the future. Read the following formula and timeline for present continuous use. It uses present conjugated forms of the auxiliary verb to be with the “ing”, form of the action verb.
Examples of present continuous tense:
The boys are playing ball.
I am reading my book.
He is watching Movie.
Tom is chewing gum.
The students are calling for a boycott.
Present continuous is also commonly used in English to express a continuous action in the future by adding a time word to the sentence.
My plane is leaving tomorrow.
My father is arriving from United States at 7:00 p.m.
Next year, we are camping in the mountains.
The present perfect tense expresses an action that occurs before another time, or event. The present perfect tense uses the present conjugated forms of the auxiliary verb to have with the past participle form of the action verb. Read the following formula and timeline for present continuous use.
Examples of present perfect:
I have seen the movie already.
Sella has lost her favorite ring.
Angus and Smith have ridden horses before.
We have won the game!
He has eaten all its food.
Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive)
The present perfect continuous tense is an event in progress, which started in the past and continues to the present. It will probably continue into the future. Read the following formula and timeline for present perfect continuous (progressive):
Examples of present perfect continuous tense:
He has been working on the car engine since this morning.
I have been babysitting the neighbor’s kids for six hours.
The carnival employees have been working since 7 a.m. this morning.